Print Icon Northern Region
Area : 6,06,000 sq km
States : Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Ladakh, Haryana, Punjab and parts of Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan
Headquarter : New Delhi
Address : West Block VII, R.K.Puram, New Delhi - 110 066
Contact Person : Dr. K. K. Pandey, Regional Director
Ph : 011-26101450
Fax : 011-26107358
e-mail :

The New Delhi office was set up during 1949 as the AMD headquarter, which was shifted to Hyderabad in 1974 and the office at New Delhi remained as the headquarter for Northern Region. Rajasthan was initially a part of the Northern Region, but during 1988 it was included in the newly created Northwestern Region (now Western Region). (now Western Region).

The Northern Region comprises great Himalayan mountain range exposing igneous and metasedimentary rocks of various ages in the Higher and Lesser Himalayas, the trans-Himalayan sedimentaries, the Siwalik sediments, the vast Gangetic alluvial tract and the Archaean granitoids and Proterozoic sediments in the south

The Higher Himalayas : comprises of granite gneisses and high grade metamorphic rocks, also known as the Central Crystalline axis. To the south, across the Main Central Thrust (MCT), the Lesser Himalayas are represented by metasedimentary and metabasic rocks with some well known nappes and Klippes, with or without intrusive granites. The Main Boundary Thrust(MBT) separates the Lesser Himalayan rocks from the Siwalik belt.

The Siwalik belt : extending from Jammu & Kashmir through Himachal Pradesh to Uttarakhand is a prominent geological feature of the Region. The Siwalik sediments are divided into Lower Siwalik (mainly argillaceous), Middle (arenaceous with shaly inter layers) and Upper Siwalik (conglomerates with sandy lenses).

The Himalayan Frontal Fault (HFF) to the South separates the Siwaliks from the Indo-Gangetic plains.

Further south of the Indo-Gangetic plain, the Proterozoic Bijawar - Gwalior-Vindhyan Groups of rocks are exposed over the Bundelkhand Granitic Complex as basement. The southern margin of the Vindhayan basin is bound by the Mahakoshal Group and Chhotanagpur Granite Gneisses.

Although no economically viable deposit has been delineated, so far, a few important uranium occurrences have been discovered in almost all geological domains of the Northern Region.

In the Upper-Middle Siwalik transition zones of Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Uttarakhand and J&K, lenticular uraniferous bodies, both in the sandstones as well as in conglomerates occur over large areas. The lenses are a few metres to few tens to hundreds of metres in dimension with low average grade. A large number of blocks have been drilled and exploratory mining was also carried out in three blocks, viz. Asthota, Khya and Andalada, Hamirpur district, Himachal Pradesh. Rajpura, Una district is the best known occurrence, so far. Other occurrences of similar nature are in Danaur and Naugajia Rao-Shakumbari Rao areas in Uttarakhand, Maler and Thein in J&K and Morni in Haryana.

In the pre-Siwalik Tertiary sediments also, a number of anomalies have been located in the Dharamsala Group in Solan and Mandi Districts, H.P. out of which Tileli is the largest occurrence so far identified. At Tileli, uranium mineralisation associated with lithic arenites at the contact of Lower & Upper Dharamsala formations, was located over a strike length of 500m x 10m, that was traced down to a vertical depth of 300m by exploratory drilling.

While the gnessic rocks of the Higher Himalayas show profuse development of secondary minerals, e.g. as in Chaura, Kinnaur district, H.P., significant uranium mineralisation associated with sheared gneisses and quartzites of Rampur Group have been traced in several localities in the Lesser Himalayas, across the MCT, important among which are in Kasha, Kandi and Kaladi, Shimla district, Himachal Pradesh. The mineralisation occurs in the form of small veinlets along the fractures.

Similar uranium occurrences have also been located in the,Berinag quartzites of Uttarakhand. Shear-controlled uranium mineralisation of significant dimension and grade is hosted by chlorite-sericite schists of Pokhri area, Chamoli Dt, and by granite gneisses in Brijranigad area, Tehri district, Uttarakhand. Exploration in the Himalayas is greatly hindered by geological complexities and lack of infra-structural facilities.

In parts of the Peninsular India, uranium mineralisation was observed at a number of places like Naktu, Kudar, Nawatola-Dhanbadua in cataclastic breccia and migmatites in Sonbhadra district, Uttar Pradesh. The area forms part of Chhotanagpur Granite Gneiss Complex. Exploratory drilling is in progress in some of these areas for establishing the potentials of these occurrences.

Uranium mineralisation was also found associated with fracture-filled bitumen in chloritic shale, Bandai sandstone and Rohini carbonate of Bijawar Group around Sonrai, Lalitpur district, Uttar Pradesh.

Present thrust areas of investigations

The present areas of investigations are mainly concentrated in (i) Chhotanagpur Granite Gneiss Complex (CGGC) which is the prime target for migmatite hosted mineralisation in parts of Uttar Pradesh; (ii) the unconformity contact between Vindhyan Supergroup and Gwalior Group of rocks in parts of Madhya Pradesh; (iii) Siwalik Group in parts of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand and (iv) northern continuity of the albitite line from Rajasthan to Haryana.

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