Physics laboratories provide analytical support to the exploration activities and carry out radiometric analyses of rock, soil and core samples, gamma-ray logging of boreholes, shielded probe logging of the trenches/outcrops, calibration of gamma-ray spectrometers (air borne-portable/ground-jeep/car borne) for radiometric survey at fixed calibration pads at civil airport, Nagpur and portable calibration pads at heliborne survey base station. In addition, preparation of standards for radiometric analyses, Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA), radon measurement and implementation of DAE’s Emergency Response Centers (ERC) Programme are also carried out by the Physics laboratories.
Physics laboratories are located at seven Regional Centre i.e. Northern Region, New Delhi; Southern Region, Bengaluru; Eastern Region, Jamshedpur; North Eastern Region, Shillong; Western Region, Jaipur; Central Region, Nagpur and South Central Region, Hyderabad and one Radiation Standard and Analytical (RSA) Laboratory at HQ, Hyderabad
Chemistry laboratories provide analytical support to the exploration activities and carry out chemical analyses of rock, soil and core samples for major, minor and trace elements. Chemistry laboratories are located at six Regional Centre i.e. Northern Region, New Delhi; Southern Region, Bengaluru; Eastern Region, Jamshedpur; North Eastern Region, Shillong; Western Region, Jaipur; Central Region, Nagpur and AMD, HQ, Hyderabad. Two mobile geochemical vans are deployed in field areas during hydro-geochemical survey.
The Chemistry laboratories are equipped with Pellet and Light Emitting Diode (LED) induced Fluorimeter (LIF), UV-VIS Spectrophotometer, Flame-Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (Flame AAS), Graphite Furnace-Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (GF-AAS) and Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectrometer (ICP–OES). In addition, HQ laboratory is also equipped with High Resolution-Continuum Source-Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (HR-CS-AAS)
The Petrology Laboratories at AMD, HQ, Hyderabad and at Northern Region,New Delhi; Southern Region, Bengaluru; Eastern Region, Jamshedpur; North-eastern Region, Shillong; Western Region, Jaipur; Central Region, Nagpur and South-central Region, Hyderabad are engaged in petro-mineralogical studies of different geological materials, with emphasis on identification of radioactive minerals. The laboratories have a large spectrum of work ranging from characterisation of radioactive and associated non-radioactive rocks, minerals, soils, sands and stream sediments besides SSNTD studies.
Electron Microprobe Laboratory is located at AMD, HQ, Hyderabad and equipped with Electron Probe Micro Analyser (EPMA) Model SX-100 of M/S. Cameca,France. This instrument is equipped with high vacuum system, versatile electron gun compatible with W and LaB6, three vertical and one inclined Wavelength Dispersive Spectrometers, built-in microscopy tools that allow simultaneous X-ray, SEM and BSE imaging and sophisticated visible light optics to provide very flexible sample inspection with wide range image magnification.
X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) Laboratory is located at AMD, HQ, Hyderabad and is equipped with GE-XRD-3003 TT Automated System, using mono-chromated characteristic CuKα radiation.
Wavelength Dispersive Xray Fluorescence
Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (WDXRF) Laboratory is a green facility for geochemical analysis of rock, soil, minerals and panned concentrate samples. The MagiX Pro PW 2440 (PANalytical) WDXRF is functional at Hyderabad, and three units of ARL PERFORM’X (Thermo Fisher Scientific) are functional at Bengaluru, Jaipur and Nagpur. Analytical precision (%RSD) for major oxides and trace elements is within 1-5%, while accuracy (% error) for major oxides is within 1-5% and that for trace elements is within 5-10%.
Energy Dispersive Xray Fluorescence
Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) laboratory at AMD, HQ, Hyderabad is equipped with Model EX-6600 having Silicon Drift Detector (SDD) spectrometer of M/s. Xenemetrix make, Israel.
The Geochronology Laboratory at AMD, HQ, Hyderabad is engaged in carrying out isotopic dating of whole rock and minerals by Rb-Sr, Sm-Nd, U-Pb and Pb-Pb methods.Besides different uranium minerals are also studied by U-Pb method to understand the multi-geological events. The laboratory is equipped with Thermal Ionisation Mass pectrometer (TIMS) model Phoenix from Isotopx for isotopic studies.
Stable Isotope Laboratory carries out studies on Stable Isotopes (C, O, N and S), in geological samples (rocks and minerals) using Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometer (IRMS), with three sample preparation systems viz. Nu Carb-DI for the analyses of isotopic ratios in carbonates (C and O), Elemental Analyser(EA) for sulphides /organic matter (S, N and C) and Laser Fluorination (LF) for the analyses in silicates (O).
Mineral Processing Unit Laboratories are located at Hyderabad and Nagpur. The laboratories are engaged in carrying out investigations on the feasibility of recovering uranium and other elements from the ore. Facilities exist for carrying out physical beneficiation and hydrometallurgy. Both laboratories are equipped with crushers, grinders, equipment necessary for gravity concentration, flotation, magnetic and electrical separation.
Instrumentation laboratory is located at AMD, HQ, Hyderabad and is engaged in design, development and fabrication of instruments required for exploration activities. A full-fledged workshop supports these activities. The instruments designed, developed and fabricated are:
- Radiation Survey Meter
- Four Channel Differential Gamma-Ray Spectrometer
- MCA based Portable Gamma-Ray Spectrometer
- Borehole Logging System
- Radiometric analyses systems
- PC based beta-gamma and gamma-ray spectrometric (MCA) systems
- Bulk Uranium Ore Analyzer (BUOA)